Sesotho in South Africa


Sesotho is also known as Southern Sotho, Sotho or Sesuthu

History of Sesotho

Sesotho, or Southern Sotho, is spoken in Lesotho, the Free State and southern Gauteng. Also spoken in the vicinity of Pretoria and Brits. Sesotho was one of the first African languages to be reduced to writing, and it has an extensive literature. According to scholars the written form was originally based on the Tlokwa dialect. Today the written language is mostly based on the Kwena and Fokeng dialects. Although there are variations. It's a tonal language and very different to Western languages. The Sesotho language is governed by the noun, which is split into various classes. It is known as an agglutinating language (a combination of simple word elements to express a specific meaning), with many suffixes and prefixes used in sentence construction causing sound changes. Sesotho was transmuted into writing by the missionaries Casalis and Arbousset of the Paris Evangelical Mission who arrived at Thaba Bosiu in 1833.


Family: Bantu (or rather Ntu) Language Family Group: South Eastern Bantu (or rather Ntu) Subgroup: Sotho

VARIETIES of Sesotho:

Sekgolokwe; Setlokwa; Sekwena; Serotse (Selozi)

Speakers of Sesotho

Around 3 104 197 people use it as their home language in South Africa. Yet it is also the official language of the Kingdom of Lesotho.